Patella fracture is often the result of a sudden high impact trauma onto the kneecap for instance the result of a fall. Open fractures may result due to the lack of surrounding tissue around the knee cap, open fractures are characterized by breakage of the skin, damage to tissue and sometimes in the worst case exposure of the bone to the elements.
Most common falls onto the knee will not result in a patella fracture as the bones are robust and are especially robust if you are young and are not suffering from osteoporosis or any affliction that causes weakening of the bones. However severe falls may cause fracture to the kneecap. Always seek treatment ASAP if you start hearing popping noises (where before there was none) and or if you feel the knee then giving out. Also seek treatment if you are suffering severe knee pain after the fall, if it cannot be moved and you begin limping or you notice swelling around the site of the injury. Swelling around the knee is the most common symptom of patella fracture. The swelling is a result of blood leaking from the ends of fractured bone and into the knee joint.
Early intervention is important to avoid complications later, if in doubt it is best to get your knee looked over by a professional for peace of mind.
Intervention and or treatment are usually dependent upon the extent of displacement or breakage of the bones in the fracture. If there is little displacement of the bones that surgery is not normally required and instead a brace is needed in order to keep the bone from moving whilst it is healing. Later on in the treatment program the brace will be removed and a support used to encourage added mobility whilst still limiting movement somewhat so as not to disturb the healing process. The support also acts to protect the knee joint area.
If surgery is required then an incision will need to be made in the knee, the broken misaligned parts of the bone are aligned correctly again using a mixture of methods ranging from metal rods to simpler surgical devices such as screws, wires and pins. Metal implants can be removed later on after the knee is healed if they cause discomfort.
After surgery recovery is similar to those that didn’t require surgery, the important thing to do is keep the knee in a brace that restricts movement as much as possible. Later on supports are used in order to gradually add mobility you can find ours by clicking here.